Monkey (Tsam figure)
- Tsam figure
- 168, begin 20th century
- Height: 26 cm / Width: 18 cm / Depth: not filled
- Collection: Hans Leder, Inv. Nr.: 74721
- Weltmuseum Wien
- © KHM mit MVK und ÖTM
Several groups of small wooden figures depicting expressively characters of the Tsam dance ceremony (T. ´cham), one of the most important Buddhist festivities, form an extraordinary group within the Leder collections. Twelve figures are housed in the Weltmuseum Wien (the former Museum für Völkerkunde Wien). According to the collector this figure represents a monkey (Leder: Mitsch M. mitsch). The monkey enters the dance field after the performance of several protector deities and two skeletons, the Lords of the Cemetary (M. khokhimoi, S. Citipati). In the Tsam ceremony Animal figures are attendants and assistants of the deities (Pegg 2001:159).